Despite progress in the twenty first century, we are enamoured by history. Monuments of the past such as the Taj Mahal in India, and the pyramids in Cairo fascinate us. Many yearn to explore the past civilisations. Among the monuments are castles which were built especially during the Middle Ages in Europe and the Middle East. Many of the castles were originally built from earth and timber which were later replaced by stone. In his book “Abandoned castles”, Kieron Connolly has documented information about many castles from around the world. We will discuss a few of the castles.
The Genoese Towers in France: This consists of ninety towers which are located in the coastal areas of Corsica, an island in the Mediterranean Sea. They were constructed by the Genoese between 1530 and 1620 for defence against invaders. Most of them are circular in shape except Torra di Portu and Torra di Pinareddu. About two to six men were present in the tower who were paid from taxes. On the sight of danger, they would make smoke, fire or blow a culombu (a large conch). This alerted the citizens to move further into the interior of the island. Signal from one tower would cause the next tower to also create another signal, thus alerting all the towers around the coastal areas. However, due to insufficient defence mechanisms, the towers were gradually abandoned. Today, about sixty seven of them still stand.
The Golkonda Castle, Hyderabad, India: It was originally built by the Kakatiya dynasty as a defence with Konadapalli fort in south India. The Qutb Shahi dynasty received it in 1538, expanded it and made the castle its capital. However, in 1590 Hyderabad was made the new capital. It’s in here were the famous diamonds such as Koh-i-Noor and the Hope diamonds were stored, since India was the only country to produce diamonds. It is listed as one of the important monuments in the history of India.
Further reading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golkonda
Minard Castle in Ireland: Not much is known about this castle except that it was built by the Knight of Kerry in County Kerry, Ireland in the late sixteenth century. It’s here that the forces of Oliver Cromwell, colonels Lehunt and Sadler murdered an Anglo-Norman named Walter Hussey and his men. The dead bodies were then buried under the ruins of the castle and has been since then uninhabited. It’s here were the Oscar winning film “Ryan’s daughter” was shot in 1970 due to its stunning environment.